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Kate Krader / Bloomberg

Tuna melt two ways: with cheddar and with jalapeño jack.

American home kitchens are in an unprecedented moment, where the most pedestrian supermarket staples can be as valuable as finicky homemade products. A household’s most prized possessions can include a jar of sourdough starter just as easily as a can of Chef Boyardee Spaghettios.

That makes this the perfect time to celebrate the tuna melt, one of the most supermarket-driven of sandwiches. It’s made from canned tuna, mayonnaise and sliced cheese from the dairy aisle — not dependent on decent produce, like, say, a BLT. What makes it shine now is the increasing availability of high-quality tinned fish.

The dish has been having a bit of a moment since March 1. According to a Reddit spokesperson, there’s been an increase of more than 30 percent in mentions of tuna melts across the platform, which includes an 18.7 million-member food community, compared with the same time period in 2019. Canned tuna references were also up more than 60 percent across Reddit.

Coincidentally, the sandwich is a highlight of the new “The Tinned Fish Cookbook: Easy-to-Make Meals From Ocean to Plate” by Bart van Olphen (The Experiment, $19). Van Olphen was once a chef at the 2-Michelin-star restaurant Lucas Carton in Paris. He’s gone on to become a passionate sustainable seafood advocate: He advises British food star Jamie Oliver on the subject and has written cookbooks in both English and his native Dutch. In his 2010 award-winning “Fish Tales,” he chronicles stories and recipes from sustainable fisheries around the world.

His new book includes 45 recipes for different kinds of canned and tinned seafood, from anchovies and sardines to less conventional options such as mackerel. “Tinned seafood is considered secondary to fresh. But people should think of it as a way of preserving; that’s a technique that’s so popular now and leaves you with a fantastic product,” says van Olphen. He, of course, advises buying sustainably harvested tinned fish, especially for tuna, which is heavily overfished. Pole- and line-caught is especially good.

Van Olphen has a soft spot for the tuna melt, which combines creamy tuna salad with melty cheese within the crunchiness of fried bread. He notes you can substitute your favorite cheese for cheddar and even use a thick layer of salty grated Parmesan. But it’s hard to argue with a cheese that melts all over the tuna salad as it toasts in the skillet.

The former chef in van Olphen hacks the classic by making a homemade ketchup to serve as a dipping sauce for the tuna melt. It’s a good, tangy, sweet tomato mix. But if you love a ketchup in a bottle, use that. Whether you want to go the extra step of making homemade sourdough bread for the sandwich is up to you.

The following recipe is adapted from “The Tinned Fish Cookbook”:

Tuna Melt with Ketchup

Servings: 2


1 6-ounce can of oil-packed tuna, drained

¼ cup diced red onion

1 scallion, white and light green parts, finely chopped

3 tablespoons coarsely chopped flat-leaf parsley

3 tablespoons mayonnaise

Hot sauce, such as Tabasco

Salt and freshly ground pepper

4 slices of rustic bread

2 tablespoons unsalted butter

4 slices of sharp cheddar cheese

Homemade ketchup (recipe follows), or your favorite store-bought brand

In a medium bowl mix the tuna, red onion, scallion, parsley, mayonnaise and a few dashes of hot sauce. Season with salt and pepper.

Butter each slice of bread on one side. Divide the tuna mixture on the unbuttered side of two bread slices and top with the cheddar and then the other two bread slices, buttered sides up. Warm a griddle or cast-iron skillet over moderate heat and fry the sandwiches, carefully turning once, until the bread is crusty and the cheese is melted, about three minutes per side. Serve hot with ketchup.


2 tablespoons olive oil

1 garlic clove, minced

1/2 cup chopped red onion

1 14-ounce can peeled whole tomatoes

1½ tablespoon tomato puree

1 tablespoon dark brown sugar, plus more to taste

1 tablespoon red wine vinegar

Salt and freshly ground pepper

In a medium saucepan, heat the olive oil. Add the garlic and red onion and cook over moderately high heat, stirring, until softened but not browned, about five minutes. Add the tomatoes, tomato puree, sugar and vinegar and cook over low heat, breaking up the tomatoes, until thick, about eight minutes. Let cool; then transfer to a small blender and puree. Season the ketchup with salt and pepper and more brown sugar, if desired. Makes about two cups.